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NEW YORK-A United Nations report issued on Monday warned that the cooling global economy risks pushing the world into a double-dip jobs recession and triggering an outbreak of social strife unless governments take urgent action to stimulate employment growth.
In what it called a “grim analysis” of the future of global employment, the International Labour Organization (ILO) also notes that while private enterprises are in an even weaker position to retain employees since the start of the financial crisis, austerity measures implemented by governments have contributed to the growing numbers of unemployed.
According to World of Work Report 2011: Making markets work for jobs, 80 million jobs need to be created over the next two years for global employment to return to pre-crisis levels.
Yet the report pointed out that at the current rate, it would take at least five years for employment in developed countries to return to pre-crisis levels – one year longer than projected in last year’s report.
In a new addition, the annual study features a ‘social unrest’ index highlighting global levels of discontent related to perceived economic inequality. Marking an uptick in popular anger in advanced economies such as those of the European Union, the report warns of a “significant aggravation of social unrest” in over 45 of the 118 countries surveyed.
The report’s authors, however, offer a glimmer of hope. Calling on governments to resist cuts in social programmes, they note that an increase in active labour market spending by half a per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) would increase employment by between 0.4 per cent and 0.8 per cent, depending on the country.
The study’s release comes on the eve of the summit later this week of the leaders of the G-20, the world’s largest economies, where participants – who will include Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon – are set to address social and economic issues related to the worsening global downturn.
Source: United Nations